According to ancient history and literatures, the state was Tripura was once known as Kirat Desh. It is believed that the reign of Kirata Kingdom was the reason behind it. Twipra kingdom also ruled the state for centuries. From the 13th century onwards, Mughal Empire conquered the plains (not hill regions). Under the British rule in India, Tripura became a princely state. Udaipur, in the south of Tripura, was the capital of the kingdom, until the king Krishna Manikya moved the capital to Old Agartala in the 18th century.
Post-independence, the Maharani Regent of Tripura signed the Tripura Merger Agreement on 9 September 1949, as a result of which Tripura became a Part C state of India. It became a union territory in November 1956.
Tripura came into existence on 21 January 1972, following the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971.
The third smallest state in the country, Tripura borders by Bangladesh to the north, south, and west, and the Indian states of Assam and Mizoram to the east.
Fairs and Festivals
The main festivals of Tripura are the Durga Puja or Dussehra, Karchi Puja, Diwali, Dol Jatra (Holi), Pous Sankranti, Ashokashtmi and Buddha Jayanti, Id, Christmas and New Year. The Garia, Ker Ganga and Gajan festivals are important tribal festivities.
Did You Know
Scheduled tribes in India form more than 30 per cent of Tripura’s population.
Best Time To Visit
As there is heavy rainfall from June to September, it is advisable to visit it from October to May.
How To Reach
There are direct flights to Agartala from Kolkata and Guwahati. Kumarghat, 140 km away, is the nearest rail station. But Kumarghat is insurgengy prone so check the current situation before going there. You can reach Agartala through neighbouring states by roads.
The Ujjayanta Palace in Agartala stands on the banks of a small lake surrounded by huge Mughal gardens.
The Tripura Sundari temple is 57km from Agartala in the ancient capital of the state, Udaipur.
Supahijala is also one of the most visited destination. It is a botanical garden and has a small zoo as well. Built in the middle of Rudrasagar lake, the Neermahal palace is a treat for the eyes.