The state is inhabited by 16 major tribes- Angami, Ao, Chakhesang, Chang, Kachari, Khiamniungan, Konyak, Kuki, Lotha, Phom, Pochury, Rengma, Sangtam, Sumi, Yimchunger, and Zeme-Liangmai (Zeliang) as well as sub-tribes.Each tribe is unique in character with its own distinct customs, language and dress.
Economy of Nagaland depends primarily on agriculture. Rice, corn, millers, pulses, tobacco, oilseeds, sugarcane, and potatoes are the most grown crops here. Cottage industries, forestry, insurance and real estate also help in boosting the economy of state.
Nagaland became the 16th state of India on 1 December 1963. It borders the state of Assam to the west, Arunachal Pradesh and part of Assam to the north, Burma to the east, and Manipur to the south.
Fairs And Festivals
Each tribe has its own festival. Sekrenyie is a 10-day festival held at the end of February. Tuluni is celebrated by the Sema Nagas from the 8th of July for five days. Tsungrem Mong is also a harvest festival. It is celebrated by the Ao Nagas in August.
Cuisine Of Nagaland
Just like West Bengal, people of Nagaland use a lot of fish in their dishes. One of the hottest chilis in the world is also found here by the name of bhut jolokia or ghost pepper. Other local herbs grown and use here are ginger and garlic. Since, this state has 16 tribes, so they all have their own cuisines. However, the state dish is smoked pork cooked with fermented soya bean. Famous dishes include snails cooked with pork and silk worm larvae, which is an expensive delicacy of the state. Beer made with sticky rice are also quite popular in this North Eastern Indian state.
Did You Know
English is the widely spoken language in Nagaland, as the population is mostly Christian here?
Best Time To Visit
The best time to visit Nagaland is between October and May when it doesn’t rain.
How To Reach
The airport is in Dimapur, 74 kms away from Kohima, the capital city of Nagaland. There are flights from Guwahati (Assam) and Kolkata (West Bengal) to Dimapur.
The nearest railhead is Dimapur, 74 km from Kohima. There are trains that connect Guwahati to Dimapur. Guwahati, in turn, is very well connected to the rest of India.
Kohima is connected to Imphal in Manipur (123 km) and Guwahati in Assam (400 km) by road.
Dzukou Valley is one of the most visited tourist destination and you can find here red and white rhododendron, lilies and wild flowers between November and March. Phek is famous for its orchids and rare birds.
Among the other places to visit in Nagaland is the Intaki Wildlife Sanctuary, which is home to the rare Hoolok gibbon, elephant, wild buffalo (‘Mithun’), sambhar, barking deer, flying squirrel, wild dog, tiger, sloth bear, pheasant, hornbill and black stork.