The rock cut engravings at Usgalimal, a small village in South Goa, have given hints about the presence of human life thousands of years ago. At some places, cones and stone-axe have also been found.
Grandson of great warrior Chandragupta Maurya, emperor Ashoka invaded Goa in the 3rd century BC. Later on, Kadambas gained control over the state and promoted Jainism. In 1312, Goa came under the rule of the Delhi Sultanate. Vijayanagara empire, Bahmani Sultans of Gulbarga and Adil Shahis of Bijapur also conquered it from time to time. But in 1510, Adil Shahis were defeated by the Portuguese. This was the beginning of their rule in Goa.
In 1947, India requested that Portuguese territories on the Indian subcontinent be ceded to India. The Indian Army began military operations resulting in the annexation of Goa, Daman, and Diu into the Indian union. On 30 May 1987, the union territory was split, and Goa was made India’s twenty-fifth state, with Daman and Diu remaining a union territory.
Goa lies within the coastal region, Konkan in Western India. It is bounded by Maharashtra to the north and Karnataka to the east and south, with the Arabian Sea forming its Western coast.
Fairs And Festivals
The most famous is the Winter Carnival prior to Lent (February), when there is great fun & frolic, music & dancing, lasting for three days.
Best Time To Visit
The best time to visit Goa is between late October and early April. The peak tourist season is from mid-December to mid-January, as Christmas and New year are celebrated with full enthusiasm.
How To Reach
Goa has an international airport at Dabolim. There are two main railway stations- Margao (Madgaon) and Vasco da Gama. You can also choose to travel by bus.
Portuguese culture is still prevalent in Goa, especially in it’s architecture. The Bom Jesus Cathedral(World Heritage Site), Fort Aguada and a new wax museum are the tourist destinations in old Goa. There are many forts in Goa such as Tiracol, Chapora, Corjuem, Aguada, Reis Magos, Nanus, Mormugao, Fort Gaspar Dias and Cabo de Rama.
Travellers visit Goa for it’s beaches and water sports. Well-known beaches like Baga and Calangute offer jet-skiing, parasailing, banana boat rides, water scooter rides and more.