The three districts of Bihar- Mithila, Magadh and Bhojpur have a major role in defining the history of Bihar. A daughter of one of the Janaks of Mithila, Sita, is mentioned as wife of Lord Rama in the Hindu epic Ramayana. Maurya empire, as well as two major religions, Buddhism and Jainism emerged from Magadh.
Adjacent with Uttar Pradesh to its west, Nepal to the north, the northern part of West Bengal to the east and with Jharkhand to the south, Bihar is the 13th largest state of India, and the third-largest state of India by population.
Fairs And Festivals
Major local events including the Rajgir Dance Festival (Oct) and Sonepur Cattle Fair (Nov–Dec) also happen here. Animal trade is the highlight of Sonepur mela. This cattle fair is the biggest in the world. Also, known as Harihar Kshetra Mela, this fair has its origin from the time of Chandragupta Maurya.
The Chhath Puja in Bihar is celebrated like a grand festival. This 6 days long puja is a very important part of Bihar culture, in which Sun God is worshipped. So, if you are planning to witness this festival, you have to make bookings in advance.
Cuisine Of Bihar
Litti Chokha, Dal Pitha, Kheer Makhana, Thekhua/Khajuria, Dal puri, Parwal Ki Mithai, Chana Ghugni and Khaja are some of the delicacies of Bihar. These dishes are not just mouth watering, but also provides one with energy and physical strength.
How To Reach
There are three airports in Bihar- Patna Airport, Gaya Airport and Purnea Airport. You can use highways if travelling by road. Patna, Gaya and Bhagalpur are main railheads of Bihar.
Among the four holy sites related to the life of Mahatma Buddha, the Mahabodhi Temple, which is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site attracts tourists to this state. Mountain of Ashrams, near Sena Village, at Buddha Gaya is also recommended by tourists guide. Valmiki National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary located in the West Champaran district of Bihar is also the most visited destination.